Characteristics of Dyscalculia

c. Strengths may include


  • Above average language skills for reading, writing and verbal language acquisition (although some may have difficulties with spelling and grammar).
  • Above average visual memory for the printed word.
  • Talents in the creative arts.
  • Above average competence in science (till a higher math is required).
  • Poetic talents.
  • Many will become authors or journalists.
  • Many will demonstrate great perseverance and a drive to succeed.
  • Creative and caring.

Each student who has dyscalculia may display a different profile of strengths and weaknesses.

The difficulties may start as early as Kindergarten, where the student may struggle to understand number concepts (each number represents an exact amount), and has difficulties counting accurately (the order of numbers). Other characteristics may include difficulties with estimation, approximation, subitizing and number facts below 10.

Most students with dyscalculia may have difficulties in P1 and they often fail their exams from P2 onwards; the exception would be the gifted students. They may start to struggle only in the upper primary school, as they may be able to compensate in the lower primary due to excellent verbal and/or memory skills.